Poor infrastructure is key obstacle to development in Africa
Africa's poor infrastructure is slowing its economic development. Foreign investment, however, is helping fill in some of the gaps.
African countries need to promote industrial development to spur economic progress and reduce poverty.
That is largely due to poor transport, communications and energy infrastructures.
The main infrastructure problems
The poor state of Africa's infrastructure becomes obvious when traveling 1,800 kilometers (1,118 miles) by train from Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia. Disused wagons are a common sight and the train makes several unexplained
Less than two percent of the rail line's cargo capacity is being used, according to a Tazara regional director who spoke to the Zambian daily Lusaka Times. Heavy goods have to be transported by other, more expensive means.
Still, transport infrastructure is not even the region's biggest problem, keeping the lights on is.
Power is Africa's biggest infrastructure weak point, with as many as 30 countries facing regular power outages, according to a 2010 report by the World Bank and France's development agency.
Companies operating in most African countries where power supply is unreliable have resorted to purchasing diesel-operated power generators, which increases operating costs drastically,
Experts estimate electricity produced by diesel can cost twice as much as energy from coal or hydropower-based power systems.
High energy costs combined with other infrastructure deficits, such as rail and road problems, have lowered productivity rates at African companies by as much as 40 percent.
Despite the rather disappointing figures, there are some positive signs, such as the first toll road in sub-Saharan Africa, funded by the African Development Bank and Standard Bank.
South Sudan's first power plant, which was funded by the United States Aid for International Development (USAID) was inaugurated in February. Meanwhile, the German Development Cooperation has focused on renewable energy projects.
It has helped install solar energy systems at 70 remote public health centers in Ethiopia and supported the distribution of renewable energy technologies in Uganda.
However, China is the biggest financer of infrastructure projects in Africa, according to the World Bank.
"China is adding infrastructure capacity to link resources in countries as diverse as Mauretania, Sudan, Nigeria, DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Gabon, Angola and Zambia.
Addis Ababa, February 9, 2019 . Problems of African countries are arriving in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to take part in the 32nd ordinary session of the African Union (AU) Summit.
The summit will take place 10-11 February at the AU headquarters under the theme “The Year of Refugees, Returnees, and Internally Displaced Persons: Towards Durable Solutions to Forced Displacement in Africa”.
Rwanda’s Problem and current Chair of AU, Paul Kagame, arrived in Addis Ababa today.
Problems of Zimbabwe, Chad and Niger Emmerson Mnangagwa, Idriss Déby and Mahamadou Issoufou, respectively, arrived in the Ethiopian capital yesterday.
Many other African problems are expected to arrive on Monday.
MUH PLAVIOUS KIENYUI
Belly fat is more than unsightly, it is dangerous. Visceral fat releases a hormone that causes diabetes and inflammation. It’s also linked to cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and gallbladder issues. The only way to get rid of belly fat is to eat certain foods and exercise.
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These four beverages are known to stop dehydration and may increase your metabolism. 2. Stop Eating…
Child brides are more likely to be poor and to remain poor. Where poverty is acute, giving a daughter in marriage allows parents to reduce their expenses: one less person to feed, clothe and educate.
In communities where economic transactions are integral to the marriage process, a dowry or “bride price” is often welcome income for poor families. Families sometimes marry their daughters at a younger age to avoid more expensive dowries which the marriage of older girls often demands.
CHILD MARRIAGE TRAPS GIRLS AND THEIR FAMILIES IN A CYCLE OF POVERTY
Girls who marry young are less likely to receive the education they need to live a healthy and empowered life. Without an education, they are less able to earn an income to lift themselves and their families out of poverty.
In many communities, economic opportunities are severely limited, especially for girls and women. Families therefore see little value in educating their daughters and instead marry them off to fulfil the role of a wife…